Arms, Valarie M. "The Computer: An Aid to Collaborative Writing." The Technical Writing Teacher, 11.3 (1985): 181-185.

Beazley, Malcom R. "Reading for a Real Reason: Computer Pals Around the World." Journal of Reading 32 (1989): 598-605.

Bridwell-Bowles, Lillian. "Designing Research on Computer-Assisted Writing." Computers and Composition 7 (1989): 79-91.

Bruce, Bertram, and Rubin, Andee. "Alternate Realizations of Purpose in Computer Supported Writing." ERIC ED 314760 (1990): 5-13.

Burchard, Gina, and Dragga, Sam. "Computer Based Instruction and the Humanizing Impulse." Technical Communication, 36.1 (1989): 13 - 18.

Butler, Sydney J. and Cox, Barbara. "Writing With a Microcomputer in Grade One: A Study in Collaboration." ERIC ED314763 (1990) 1-23.

Charney, Davida. "Computer Support for Collaborative Writing: The PREP Editor Project." (Reporting on the work of Neuwirth, Kaufer, Chadhok, and Morris) Technical Communications 38 (1991): 265 - 269.

Daiute, Colette. "Issues in Using Computers to Socialize the Writing Process." ETCJ 33.1 (1985): 41-50.

Dickinson, David K. "Cooperation, Collaboration, and a Computer: Integrating a Computer into a First-Second Grade Writing Program." Research in the Teaching of English 20 (1986): 357 - 378.

DiMatteo, Anthony. "Under Erasure: A Theory for Interactive Writing in Real Time." Computers and Composition 7.SI (Apr 1990): 71-84.

Donovan, Ronald John. "Gone Fishing." Writer's Digest, Jan. 1990: 52-55.

Donovan, Ronald John. "Write Like a Pro" Writer's Digest, Nov. 1989: 22-24.

Duin, Ann Hill. "Computer-Supported Collaborative Writing: The Workplace and the Writing Classroom." Journal of Business and Technical Communication 5.2 (1991) 123-150.

English, Joel A. "Moo Based Metacognition: Incorporating Online and Offline Reflection into the Writing Process." Kairos 3.1 (Spring, 1998) 13 Jan. 1999 <>

Fanderclai, Tari Lin "MUDs in Education: New Environments, New Pedagogies" Computer-Mediated Communication Magazine 2.1 (Jan 1, 1995): 8-12 13 Jan. 1999 <>.

Hall, Palmer and Hall, Susan. "Between Schools: Inter-Classroom Collaboration." ERIC ED333481 (1991) 2-15.

Harris, Leslie D. "Writing Spaces: Using MOOs to Teach Composition and Literature" Kairos 1.2 (Summer, 1994). 13 Jan 1999 <>.

Hayes, John R. and Flower, Linda. "Uncovering Cognitive Processes In Writing: An Introduction to Protocol Analysis." Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Associates (Los Angeles, CA, April 13-17, 1981) ERIC ED202035 (1981) 2-21

Hutton, Clark. "A Selected Annotated Bibliography on Using Computers to Teach Technical and Business Writing (1984-90)" The Technical Writing Teacher 18 (1991): 223-235.

Kinkead, Joyce. "Wired: Computer Networks in the English Classroom." English Journal 77.7 (1988): 39-41.

Langham, Don. "The Common Place MOO: Orality and Literacy in Virtual Reality" Computer-Mediated Communication Magazine 1.3 (July 1, 1994) 7-15 13 Jan 1999 <>

Le, Thao. "Computers as Partners in Writing: A Linguistic Perspective." Journal of Reading 32 (1989): 606-610.

Leib, Thom. "Computer Conferencing Offers New Way to Think About Writing" Journalism Educator, sum 1990: 32-37.

Levon, O.U. Caverns. New York: Penguin, 1990.

Lebauer, Roni. "A Collaborative Computer-Assisted Reading and Writing Project: Dynamic Stories." ERIC ED 321546, (1990):1-18.

Newman, Judith M. "The Computer is Only Incidental." Language Arts 67 (1990): 439-444.

Paccagnella, Luciano. "Getting the Seats of Your Pants Dirty: Strategies for Ethnographic Research on Virtual Communities." Computer-Mediated Communication Magazine 3.1 ( June, 1997) 13 Jan. 1999 <>

Peyton, Joy Kreeft. "Computer Networks for Real-Time Written Interaction in The Writing Classroom: An Annotated Bibliography" Computers and Composition 6.3 (1989): 105-122.

Neuwirth, Christine M; Kaufer, David S; Keim, Gary; and Gillespie, Terilyn. "The Comments Program: Computer Support for Response to Writing" Center for Educational Computing in English Technical Report CECE-TR-3 (January, 1988) 1-16

Olsen, W. Scott. "Against Speed: The Case for Reading", Rhetnet (May 13, 1996) 13 Jan. 1999 <>

Reid, Elizabeth. "Cultural Formations in Text-Based Virtual Realities A thesis submitted in fulfilment of the requirements of the degree of Master of Arts." University of Melbourne (January, 1994) Developing Internet Application for Education: Applications Online Communities: Reference. 13 Jan 1999 <>

Schriner, Delores K. and Rice, William C. "Computer Conferencing and Collaborative Learning: A Discourse Community at Work." College Composition and Communication 40 (1989): 473-478.

Schwartz, Helen J. "21st Century Citizen Scholars: Testing What is Possible and Desirable" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Computers and Writing Conference (Biloxi, MS, May 24-25, 1991).

Shuman, R. Baird. "Collaborative Writing." Educational Leadership, Feb. 1992: 82.

Sirc, Geoffrey, and Reynolds, Tom. "The Face of Collaboration in the Networked Writing Classroom." Computers and Composition 7.SI (Apr 1990): 53-69.

Smith, William Edward. "News Writing Students Prefer Computer Simulations." Journalism Educator, sum 1990: 38-45.

Stein, Sol. "A Creative Achievement." Nation's Business, Feb. 1990: 8.

Wedell, Allen J. and Allerheiligen, Robert "Computer Assisted Writing Instruction: Is It Effective?" Journal of Business Communication 28 (1991): 131-140.